Motivational Interviewing (MI) focuses on patients redirecting their attention, behavior, feelings, and coping strategies. This type of interview prepares patients for the mobilization of their schemes and management of the disease to reinforce or promote change based on the affectation of the disease in their lives. Likewise, it allows patients to access the patient-centered counseling style from the humanistic and professional identification of the health professional. An important aspect is to facilitate in patients the self-disclosure of the problems, acceptance of them, and the approach to a favorable position focused on the resolution and adjustment.
Motivate in patients the intention and need for change from self-discovery and disclosure of problems, needs, and resources to achieve change.
Motivate patients to identify the reasons for their problems, maintenance of problems, resistance to change, and intention to change.
Motivate patients to reduce resistance schemes and weaken the maintenance of problems.
Promote patient autonomy
Empower patients to make decisions
Reduce feelings of frustration, worry… etc
Increase patient confidence
Plan design with objectives and goals
Reduce or eliminate resistance
A 23-year-old female patient attends a nutritional consultation. The patient has been diagnosed with bulimia for eight years. She attended the consultation because she has severe swelling in her throat and wear of her teeth, along with abdominal pain, irritability, and tiredness. She attended psychology therapy for the first three years, but after a love breakup, she stopped treatment and did not continue with the medical follow-up proposed by her doctor. She is currently a law student in final exams for university year promotion. The patient has a good weight for her height. However, she reported that the binge eating is so great that she does not have enough energy to vomit all her food. She describes feeling guilt, anxiety, and sadness when she plans to binge eat, but when she eats, she feels very calm, happy, and motivated to continue studying; finally, when she vomits, she feels tired, frustrated, and ashamed of her feeding habits. She tried to exercise and be more active, but her academic load prevented her from continuing, so she dedicated herself to studying. Her final exams cause her anxiety as she believes she does not have enough knowledge and skills to get good grades. However, her grades are above average, and she has a good reputation among her peers and teachers.